Green card lottery registration begins and often will 2013 function as the final year?October 1 marks a sluggish start the 30-day registration period for your annual Diversity Visa (green card) Lottery. This program was sponsored through the late Senator Edward Kennedy under section 203 (c) on the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1990 to aid even out the proportions of immigrants from different European countries which, right at that moment, were known as skewed for immigrants from Latin America and Asia. But is that this a program whose the come and gone?
To satisfy the diversity goal, any country that's admitted 50 plus,000 immigrants in to the U.S. within the last few five years isn't eligible with the Diversity Visa Program. This currently excludes citizens of countries including Mexico, Canada, mainland China, and approximately a dozen other countries and islands which are part in the United Kingdom. Because on the rolling 50,000 limit, countries will come and range from the 'visa-eligible' list. For example, Poland is currently eligible again after being eliminated in 2007, and Nigeria was eliminated due to this year's lottery.
Besides the 'nativity' requirement (applicants need to be born in the visa-eligible country to qualify), they should also have the equivalent of a U.S. senior high school education, with at the very least two years of experience within the last five years in one in the jobs indexed by the Department of Labor's oddly named O*Net database. A quick perusal on the list of qualifying occupations reveals which the vast majority of such jobs actually have to have a college degree or maybe a post-baccalaureate education.
The lottery is quite popular abroad because doing so does not be determined by sponsorship by a manager or a close relative, thus it represents a short cut to take delivery of Lawful Permanent Resident status (aka a 'green card'), and a few years later the chance of full U.S. Citizenship.
Of the millions who apply each October with the U.S. State Department website, 100,000 are selected randomly by computer for interviews and criminal history checks either for a U.S. Consulate abroad or at the local USCIS office in the United States. Winners verify their winning status online starting May 1 with the following year as soon as they apply. However, winning is undoubtedly no guarantee of having a visa.
Interviewees must bring their birth and marriage certificates, proof education or work inside a qualifying occupation, and even more, including evidence the masai have a job browsing the United States and the name as someone willing to purchase their living costs until they get a job so they really do not be a 'public charge.' Of those 100,000 initial selectees, most of or 50,000 are eventually selected.
By most accounts this software has been a huge success despite some very visible pr setbacks. For example, in 2002 there is the case connected with an Egyptian lottery winner shooting two different people at the Los Angeles International Airport. In 2011, the State Department's Department of Visa Services who administer this program, had a very embarrassing computer glitch that accidentally informed 22,000 people who they were selected as winners although we were holding in fact not here selected. This led to thousands of potential winners discarding their entry numbers after mistakenly believing they lost.
And the DV Program, as with any other government program, continues to be affected by fraud. Not surprisingly, applicants are actually known to use fake documentation to misrepresent themselves to USCIS or State Department personnel on their interview. In other cases applicants are already victimized by scam emails claiming to derive from the State Department that tell the victim they won the lottery and order hefty fees to process their application. In fact, the very first widely circulated spam email was with the husband and wife immigration lawyer team of Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel in 1994 to solicit green card lottery service agency fees.
There are types of highly educated, English-fluent applicants who do not read or understand government instructions and don't receive their visas on account of avoidable mistakes through the process. Using shoddy or outright fraudulent independent lottery companies represents just one more problem. In some cases these providers charge applicants for services or goods that happen to be unnecessary.
Ethical, fee-based lottery services including the American Dream (while others) represent a viable choice for many people applicants who require or just want the reassurance knowing they've got help over the process from registering to finding an deportation attorney if they win.
The lottery represents one on the few avenues for legal entry in the United States, specifically those from African and Caribbean countries. But poorer non-citizens are without lobbyists, not to mention a significant amount of supporters in Congress. For this reason the lottery continues to be on the chopping block for many years by conservatives like Representative Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) who observe the winners as being a threat to national security, as taking jobs faraway from Americans, or which the program admits a great number of undesirables using a process of 'chain-migration.'
However, the quantity of immigrants admitted for the United States from the lottery represents just about 5% with the overall number. And independent immigration studies show that legal immigrants contribute on the economy, promote true diversity, and lessen the deficit.
The program also covers itself via relatively steep fees charged to each alien and member of the family admitted to the country. And wise practice indicates that changing U.S. demographics and minimize birth rates foreshadow the desire to bring in more workers in the United States'a point underscored by supporters of overall immigration reform.
This past year Senate Bill S.744 finally eviscerated this software as part in the proposed immigration reform compromise, favoring instead a process that admits more skills-based STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) applicants versus a process based partially on diversity. However, the 2013 green card lottery was saved by congressional inaction, thanks in part on the Syria crisis and therefore the budget impasse, but particularly by House Republicans who always threaten to derail reform altogether by piecemeal inaction.
So what sort of the lottery move from here?
Assuming the House of Representatives passes comprehensive immigration reform this fall or perhaps in early 2014 (a really big assumption), 2013 will become the final year from the lottery and terminate one on the many legislative legacies of Edward Kennedy.
But supporters with the lottery ought not overestimate the ability from the House to pass through much-needed immigration reform. Ironically, the lottery might be saved because of the very same forces that argue by far the most for its demise.